Different writing programs are utilized at each grade level at Sprague Elementary School. In kindergarten and first grade, the Teach Me Writing Program is used. It is a research-validated program with proven effectiveness in improving writing skills. In second through fourth grade, the Four Square Writing Programis used to teach the fundamentals of writing paragraphs and essays. The teaching of the writing process and the traits of good writing are embedded within these programs. In addition, journaling is used to incorporate writing into other subject areas.